exploring the term 'human rights defender' through the lens of professionalisation in human rights practice: a case-study of russia

The concept of the ‘human rights defender’ (HRD) is central in initiatives to protect those who face risk as a result of their peaceful actions to defend human rights. However, protection organisations, donors, beneficiaries, researchers and HRDs themselves may often lack clarity in their understanding of this broad term when it comes to establishing HRD status in practice. Aiming to advance the understanding of the term ‘HRD’, this working paper discusses the criterion of professionalisation within human rights practice.

Polina Malkova, January 2018